Shi‘a Muslims


چهارشنبه 12 آذر 1393 05:03 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr

بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم



In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

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Edit date: دوشنبه 31 فروردین 1394 09:10 ق.ظ

Meet al-Baghdadi, America's newest "poster boy"

جمعه 1 اسفند 1393 08:04 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr

Published photos of alleged ISIL terror master Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Published photos of alleged ISIL terror master Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
The world has a new poster boy in al-Baghdadi. Some naive Muslims will be taken in by his brandishing a kalishnakov instead of the sword but it is important to look deeper. Emotional outbursts are no substitute for clear analysis and understanding.

ISIL terrorists mass murdering Iraqi civilians after capturing a town.

America’s newest poster boy Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi may not be as photogenic as the late Osama bin Laden but what he lacks in looks, he more than makes up in ruthlessness, guile and cruelty. Born Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai in 1971 in Samarrah (Iraq)—hence his last name al-Samarrai—he is also known by his nom de guerre, Abu Du‘a (the “Father of Du‘a”). This is common practice in the Middle East.

Al-Baghdadi burst on the global scene with spectacular speed last month when his rebels captured Mosul in central Iraq. Despite their ruthlessness, the speed with which Baghdadi’s thugs took over Iraq’s second largest city, surprised even his staunchest admirers. The fall of Mosul was followed by the capture of Tikrit, home town of the former Iraqi dictator Saddam Husain where he is buried following his hanging in December 2006 (It has been reported that the judge, Raouf Abdul Rahman who sentenced Saddam to death was captured by ISIS rebels on June 16 and executed).

"The latest thug on the block heads the terror group that carries the inappropriate name, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (or al-Sham), hence it is called either ISIL or ISIS depending on which last name is used. There is nothing Islamic about the group or its leader; it is a bunch of bloodthirsty mass murderers that have no regard for human life whatsoever."

The latest thug on the block heads the terror group that carries the inappropriate name, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (or al-Sham), hence it is called either ISIL or ISIS depending on which last name is used. There is nothing Islamic about the group or its leader; it is a bunch of bloodthirsty mass murderers that have no regard for human life whatsoever. The group has indulged in gruesome killings of civilians as well as members of other groups that may be a little less violent than this bunch of AK-47 clutching hoodlums.

In its latest rampage through Mosul, the ISIS admitted to having shot and killed more than 1700 people, all of them after they had surrendered to the marauders. Killing prisoners of war and civilians is forbidden in Islam. In many instances, people had their hands tied behind the back and shot in the head. Such conduct is worse than primitive savagery that Islam confronted and defeated during the time of the noble Messenger (saws). What the ISIS barbarians are doing would make the primitive savages of Arabia, referred to as jahils (ignorant) in the noble Qur’an, look benign by comparison.

The question, however, is: Who is Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and how has he been successful when other figures have fallen by the way side, especially in Syria where his group has had its most ruthless phase? While the Western corporate media claims that Washington is “worried” about the rise of another radical “Sunni” leader, facts seem to point in a different direction. How deeply is the US involved in the rise of the ISIS and promotion of al-Baghdadi are not rhetorical questions or conspiracy theories. Rand Paul, the Republican Senator from Kentucky told NBC’s Meet the Press program on June 22 that Washington was financing the ISIS as well as other terrorist groups linked with it. The White House has not refuted Paul’s allegations.

"The curious thing is that al-Baghdadi’s murderous operations in Syria had the full backing of the US and its Western and Arabian allies. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the UAE and Turkey have been deeply involved in promoting these mass murderers/torturers and rapists. Money, guns and advisors are readily provided."

American officials have admitted that al-Baghdadi was captured in 2005 and was held at Camp Bucca until 2009. The new concentration camp was opened after Abu Ghraib gained notoriety for American sadism where Iraqi men and women—yes women as well as young girls—were not only held but brutally tortured and sexually abused. Photos of completely naked prisoners—men, women and girls—being tortured, raped and sodomised by American soldiers were widely circulated on the Internet. Most of the gruesome photos were held back from the public. Donald Rumsfeld who was George Bush’s Defense Secretary dismissed these crimes with the flourish, “stuff happens.”

In the face of mounting evidence, other US officials still claimed America “does not torture”. Facts, however, are stubborn things. So what did the US do: stop torturing and raping Iraqi men and women? Perish the thought; the focus was changed from Abu Ghraib to Camp Bucca. Many Americans and indeed the rest of the world had never heard of this concentration camp until Ibrahim al-Badri/al-Baghdadi’s eruption on the scene. The curious thing is that al-Baghdadi’s murderous operations in Syria had the full backing of the US and its Western and Arabian allies. Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the UAE and Turkey have been deeply involved in promoting these mass murderers/torturers and rapists. Money, guns and advisors are readily provided.

So why was al-Baghdadi who had served in the Iraqi army, released by the Americans in 2009 and what kind of a deal was struck to facilitate his release? It is not inconceivable—indeed it is more than likely—that al-Baghdadi was released with the specific aim of promoting the most virulent terrorist mastermind in order to advance US-Zionist agenda in the region. After all, Osama bin Laden was also the product of American involvement in Afghanistan. The Americans not only helped him during the Afghan war against the Soviets but also trained and nurtured him and his Arabian followers.

An ISIL training camp for minors and youths in Syria

Regrettably, some Muslims have a very simplistic view of Osama bin Laden’s role; they consider him a Muslim hero. They are impressed by his undoubted sacrifice of comfortable existence in Saudi Arabia by going to Afghanistan to join the struggle against Soviet occupation troops. This cannot be denied or begrudged but his close association with the Americans raises questions. True, Osama probably thought he was using the Americans but who was using whom is now a moot point.

"It is also revealing that while Western governments talk about fighting terrorism, they have turned a blind eye to the flow of these alienated youth from their own societies to go and fight in Syria and Iraq."

Imran Khan, chief of Pakistan’s Tehrik-e Insaf party (PTI) speaking at a forum organized by the American Strategy for the New American Foundation in Washington revealed on June 17, 2009 that Osama was brought to Pakistan in a CIA plane in December 1989. Imran Khan further said that he was invited by the Americans to meet Osama at the US embassy in Islamabad. No one challenged his assertion at the Washington gathering about CIA’s close links with Osama. Even US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton admitted during the House of Representatives hearings on April 23, 2009 that people against whom the US was currently waging war were supported by Washington 20 years ago.

Given this background, it cannot be ruled out that al-Baghdadi is also the product of American policy even if there has been no formal agreement between them. Further, he has other powerful backers, especially Saudi Arabia. The Saudi regime, fearing for its own survival, has historically played the sectarian card to deflect attention. Having largely failed in Syria where Bashar al-Asad has almost defeated the US-Saudi-zionist sponsored conspiracy against his rule, the Saudis have unleashed the ISIS thugs, led by al-Baghdadi in Iraq. This scenario was quite predictable since the Saudis were unlikely to give up so easily. Besides, the real struggle is for supremacy in the region. The Saudi regime and the equally unrepresentative monarchies in the region are terrified of the rise of Islamic Iran that has the backing of its people. Besides, Iran’s influence is rising throughout the region and beyond. The Saudis are loathed to concede any ground, hence their hysterical anti-Shi‘i campaign and by unleashing ISIS-type terrorists.

This is the only game they know. The real tragedy of the Ummah is how easily some Muslims succumb to such poisonous propaganda. Of course, the Saudis spend large sums of money buying people’s loyalty. This is especially true of so-called Imams of mosques in different countries that are prepared to sell their souls for a few dollars and readily indulge in spreading the Saudis’ poisonous propaganda to divide Muslims. Unfortunately, such propaganda has found fertile ground in places like Iraq, Lebanon, Afghanistan and Pakistan where there are competing constituencies for power and influence. 

"Nor have Western governments uttered a word against the financiers of terrorism: the Saudi, Qatari and other tribal regimes in the Middle East. They are all partners in crime and their twin aims are the protection of the illegal Zionist regime and state in Occupied Palestine and the undermining of Islamic Iran because it has stood up to the imperialist-Zionist thugs."

In Iraq, the government of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki can also not be absolved of responsibility. Instead of being the prime minister of all Iraqis, he has indulged in sectarian politics and rewarded his cronies providing an opportunity for the hate-filled ideology of the Saudis to take root. The disgruntled Ba‘thists have made common cause with the ISIS takfiris against the central government. While this marriage of convenience will not last long, each setback to the unity of Muslims is a blow to the Ummah.

Al-Baghdadi’s ruthlessness and guile have attracted disgruntled Muslim youth from all over the world. His utter disregard for the sanctity of human life has eclipsed rival terrorist groups attracting more recruits to his cause. He has proved absolutely ruthless in eliminating opponents and has shown no hesitation in turning against former allies to further his ambition of creating a supposedly “Islamic” state—the much sought after Khilafah. This is a romantic notion that many opportunists have bandied about without understanding what is required to establish one. Mass murder, public beheadings, killing prisoners of war or robbing people’s homes are certainly not acts that can be perpetrated to establish the Khilafah. It is a complete perversion of Islam and its pristine teachings. 

The ISIS chief stepped into the shoes of Musab al-Zarqawi who was killed by the Americans in 2006. While al-Zarqawi was from Jordan and therefore considered an outsider in Iraq, al-Baghdadi is a local boy and has been much more readily accepted by the disgruntled “Sunnis” in the country. Interestingly, he did not establish his credentials in Iraq but in Syria where he sent an aide, Abu Mohammad al-Golani, to set up Al-Qaeda’s Nusra Front which quickly rose to prominence with a series of deadly car bombings and other terrorist acts.

There is evidence that al-Baghdadi had pledged allegiance to Osama bin Laden. Following the latter’s killing in May 2011, there was an uneasy relationship with Ayman al-Zawahiri but al-Baghdadi’s ambitions led to a break with the Egyptian doctor and Osama’s successor. Insiders say that al-Baghdadi did not pledge allegiance to al-Zawahiri, asserting his independence from the new al-Qaeda chief following Osama’s killing.

Besides, al-Zawahiri is somewhere in the border region between Afghanistan and Pakistan and therefore, far away from real action in the Levant while al-Baghdadi is at the forefront. With Nusra’s ruthless exploits in Syria—car bombings, public slitting of throats of perceived opponents or even ordinary people that are not part of the group—Golani split from al-Baghdadi. This led to fierce fighting between the two resulting in much bloodletting. When al-Zawahiri prohibited such infighting because it alienated ordinary Muslims, al-Baghdadi refused to abide by the “edict” and declared himself independent. This signaled the end of al-Zawahiri’s leadership and al-Qaeda’s claim to being the sole leader of the terrorist front. More ruthless operatives had emerged on the scene.

"How deeply is the US involved in the rise of the ISIS and promotion of al-Baghdadi are not rhetorical questions or conspiracy theories."

Al-Baghdadi is known to be extremely secretive and does not trust anyone apart from a very select inner core group of people. He shuns publicity, unlike the late Osama bin Laden who thrived on it. He has made his supporters believe that he would establish an Islamic state and avenge the humiliation that Muslims have suffered at the hands of the enemies of Islam. This has certainly attracted admirers to his cause, many of them misguided youth alienated from society including many in the West. It is also revealing that while Western governments talk about fighting terrorism, they have turned a blind eye to the flow of these alienated youth from their own societies to go and fight in Syria and Iraq.

Nor have Western governments uttered a word against the financiers of terrorism: the Saudi, Qatari and other tribal regimes in the Middle East. They are all partners in crime and their twin aims are the protection of the illegal Zionist regime and state in Occupied Palestine and the undermining of Islamic Iran because it has stood up to the imperialist-Zionist thugs. This fiendish project will ultimately fail but in the process a very large number of innocent Muslims will pay a terrible price in life and blood.

The real tragedy of the Ummah is the faulty and simplistic understanding that many Muslims have about issues affec


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Edit date: جمعه 1 اسفند 1393 08:08 ب.ظ

Takfiris in Syrian on the run

جمعه 1 اسفند 1393 08:01 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr

US and Israeli backing of Wahhabi-inspired Takfiri terror in Syria is no longer a secret

The Syrian army is making steady progress against the takfiris, thanks to the support of Hizbullah as well as infighting between the cannibals and mercenaries that have flooded into the Levant.

With the media focused on the crisis in Ukraine and Crimea, and even though attention was momentarily brought back to Syria because of Turkey’s downing of a Syrian MiG fighter on March 23, developments in Syria are going in favor of the government of President Bashar al-Asad. The Turkish attack was seen by many in Turkey as an attempt by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan to divert attention from the crisis that has engulfed his government.

Syrian forces have made strategic gains in the Qalamoun-Yabroud area near the border with Lebanon. It is strategically important because it serves as a link between Homs and Damascus as well as a major transit route for shipment of men and materiel from Lebanon. The Qalamoun mountain range opens up to the desert bordering Hama, Aleppo, Raqqa, and Deir al-Zour in the north, Iraq in the east, and the Damascus countryside in the south. By recapturing it, the Syrian army has put paid to plans of the imperialist-Zionist-Wahhabi-backed terrorists to extend their writ to the east of the Damascus-Homs highway. Their plan was to divide Syria horizontally with Damascus and south Syria cut off from the north where the terrorists planned to establish their Wahhabi-takfiri fiefdom.

The Qalamoun-Yabroud area also served as a launching pad for suicide and car bombers into Lebanon. While such attacks will be much reduced, they will not end altogether because the takfiris have a visceral hatred of Shi‘is and Hizbullah. The latter has played a major role in bolstering Syrian military efforts in confronting and defeating the takfiris. The rebels are fighting among themselves blaming “traitors” for the loss of the vital region while Syrian field commanders are ecstatic. They see the victory as more than capturing a strategic triangle: they feel the victory will lead to “positive aftershocks” throughout the Homs and Damascus regions in the coming weeks and months.

In-fighting between rebel groups especially between Jabhat al-Nusra, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and the Islamic Front has intensified with each blaming the other for the loss. A meeting between commanders in Istanbul soon after their rout from Qalamoun-Yabroud was reported to be stormy with blame being hurled at each other. Not the most polite or civilized bunch, they came to fist-fights several times as well as drawing guns. This is what usually happens when fighters working at the behest of foreign masters lose successive battles. Some of their foreign masters — Qatar and Turkey, for instance — are also having second thoughts about the whole project given the fact that the Syrian government has not collapsed as they had anticipated. Further, the Saudi-Qatari spat (both support the terrorists in Syria) is also not helping the takfiris’ cause.

While it may be too early to write the obituary of the foreign-inspired conspiracy in Syria, the outlines are clearly visible. Even the perennially optimistic Lakhdar Brahimi, United Nations-Arab League Special Representative for Syria, dismissed the likelihood of a new round of peace talks on the crisis at the present juncture. “A return to Geneva is out of the question for the time being because the criteria have not been met,” Brahimi said in Kuwait on March 24.

Defeating the imperialist-Zionist-Wahhabi plot in Syria will lead to positive developments in the entire region.


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Edit date: جمعه 1 اسفند 1393 08:08 ب.ظ

Chapel Hill Shooting Victims (+Photos

شنبه 25 بهمن 1393 06:38 ق.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr

shia muslims

Murder that western Medias didn't see it.Because victims were Muslims

Erdogan Chides Obama's Silence on Chapel Hill Killings

 Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan criticized US President Barack Obama for his silence after the killings of three young Muslims in North Carolina this week.

Speaking alongside Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto during a state visit to Mexico on Thursday, Erdogan said the silence of Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and Secretary of State John Kerry was "telling" and they should take a position following such acts.

"If you stay silent when faced with an incident like this, and don't make a statement, the world will stay silent towards you," Erdogan said, in the latest sign relations between him and the White House have become strained.

The three Muslims were shot dead on Tuesday near the University of North Carolina campus in an incident police said was possibly a hate crime, Al Jazeera reported.

The White House said on Wednesday it would await the results of the police investigation before commenting.

Newlywed Deah Barakat, 23, a University of North Carolina dental student, his wife Yusor Mohammad, 21, and her sister, Razan Mohammad Abu-Salha, 19, a student at North Carolina State University, were gunned down on Tuesday in a condominium about three kilometres from the UNC campus in Chapel Hill.

Police charged the couple's neighbour, Craig Stephen Hicks, 46, with murder.

Investigators said initial findings indicated a dispute over parking prompted the shooting but they were looking into whether Hicks was motivated by hatred towards the victims because they were Muslim.

Turkey, a European Union candidate nation and member of the NATO military alliance, is a key US ally in the fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

But Erdogan has become increasingly outspoken about what he sees as rising Islamophobia in the West.

Last year, Erdogan said his relations with Obama had become strained and that he no longer spoke directly with him as he was disappointed by a lack of US action over the war in neighbouring Syria.

Erdogan said he instead spoke with Biden over issues such as Iraq.

Despite working together to combat ISIL, differences have arisen between the US and Turkey over how best to tackle the rebels

More than 400 people held a gathering in the US capital of Washington DC to pay tribute to three young Muslims who were murdered in North Carolina this week.

shia muslims

shia muslimsshia muslimsshia muslimsshia muslimsshia muslims


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Edit date: شنبه 25 بهمن 1393 07:57 ق.ظ


پنجشنبه 16 بهمن 1393 07:37 ق.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr
what is islam
Islam is a monotheistic religion (believing in only one God) originating with the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Islam is the second-largest religion in the world today, with an estimated 1.5 billion adherents, spread across the globe, known as Muslims. Muslims form the majority in more than 50 countries of the world. Today Islam is the fastest growing faith in the world - its beautiful message is reaching millions in the far corner of the earth. One more meaning of the word "Islam" means "submission", referring to the total surrender of one's self to God, and the word Muslim means "one who submits (to God)".

Muslims believe that God revealed the Holy Qur'an to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in the course of twenty three years as the final and last message to mankind through angel Gabriel (on whom be peace). The Holy Qur'an and the traditions of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), Sunnah are regarded as the fundamental sources of Islam. Muslims do not regard Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) as the founder of a new religion, but as the restorer of the original monotheistic faith of Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets. Muslims hold that part of the messages of these prophets became distorted over time either in interpretation, in text, or both. Like Judaism, and Christianity, Islam is also an Abrahamic religion.

Islam is a religion, which guides its followers in every aspect of their lives. It is a way of life. Islam is the modern or latest version of the message sent by God through Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus, Islam was sent to mankind through Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Islam is "modern" in the sense that it has come to complement the teachings, which were introduced through Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Islam is a religion, which seeks to give a meaningful purpose to our life on this earth. Islam seeks to guide us in fulfilling that purpose by creating harmony between Creator, our fellow human beings and ourselves. What you will read below are some of the basic features of Islam.
Islam Online Islam is a monotheistic religion. It teaches that there is only one God who is the origin and creator of the universe. This is the foundation stone of Islam, and is reflected in the famous sentence, which says that, "There is no god but Allah" (Allah is the Arabic name of God). The belief in God relates us to our origin and guides us throughout our life. The belief in one God shows that man should not worship any material thing or person in this universe. By teaching that there is only One God for all humans, Islam promotes the sense of brotherhood and equality in human society, all are equally related to God in the same way. The Holy Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, says: Say: He is God, the One and Only, God the Eternal, Absolute; He begets not, nor is He begotten. And none is like Him. Holy Qur'an (Chapter 112
Our life on this earth has a specific purpose; it is not the result of nature's accident, nor is it a punishment for eating the fruit of the forbidden tree. We are here according to God's plan: the worldly life is a test; it is a chance to prove ourselves as deserving of the eternal blissful life in the hereafter. God did not create us just for few years of this life. To be created just for this world's life would amount to a joke played by the Creator with the human species. Muhammad (pbuh), the Prophet of Islam, said, "You have not been created to perish; on the contrary, you have been created for eternal life." According to Islam, the final destination of mankind is the life hereafter. At the end of time, all human beings will be resurrected and will be held accountable for their worldly life: The life in hereafter will be an eternal life. However, whether it will be blissful or full of sorrow depends on how we spend our present life. It was to help mankind in achieving this objective that God sent various prophets and messengers to guide them. Muhammad (pbuh) is the last prophet; and Islam is the final and complete version of God's message.

PRIME CREATION: Human being is the prime creation of God. He says, "We have indeed honoured the children of Adam; spread them in the land and the sea, provided them with good things; and preferred them in esteem over many things that We have created." Holy Qur'an (17:70)

BORN SINLESS: Islam teaches that every human being is born sinless; no child carries the burden of his or her ancestor's sins. God says, "And a burdened soul cannot bear the burden of another and if one weighed down by burden should cry for (another to carry) its burden, not aught of it shall be carried, even though he be near of kin." Holy Qur'an (35:18) Each human being is born with a pure conscience, which can absorb and accept the true message of God. It is only the social and familial influences, which take a person away from God's message.

ACCOUNTABILITY: Islam also emphasizes on the issue of responsibility and accountability of human beings, each person is responsible for his or her own actions. Although Islam teaches that God has predetermined the span of our life and time of our death, but this does not mean that even our actions are predetermined by Him. We surely are free in our actions and are, therefore, accountable for them. God only provides guidance for us to know what is good and what is bad. He says, "Surely We have created man from a small life-germ uniting (itself): We mean to try him, so We have made him hearing, seeing. Surely We have shown him the way: he may be thankful or unthankful." Holy Qur'an (76:2-3)

RAGE: Islam very categorically rejects racial discrimination. It promotes the feeling of brotherhood and equality among its followers. God clearly says, "O you men! surely We have created you of a male and a female, and made you tribes and families that you may know each other; surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful (of his duty); surely Allah is Knowing, Aware." Holy Qur'an (49:13) Therefore, no one can claim any superiority over others based on racial or tribal differences. A person is to be judged by his character, not by his colour or race. God continues, "Surely the most honourable of you in God's sight is the person who is most upright in character among you". Holy Qur'an (49:13)

GENDER: Even gender does not count as a criterion of superiority. In Islam, a woman is as human as men. They are not evaluated on basis of their gender, but on basis of their faith and character. Fourteen hundred years ago, the Holy Qur'an recorded God's clear statements on this issue. Out of the four verses, I will just quote one: "Whoever, be it a male or a female, does good deeds and he or she is a believer, then they will enter the Paradise." Holy Qur'an (4:124) So there is no difference in the degree or level of woman's humanity or honour in Islam. The only difference there exists is concerning the role which Islam has envisioned for man and woman. This has nothing to do with superiority or inferiority. In Islam, man and woman are equal in rights; but equality is not synonymous to similarity. Islam believes that man and woman are equal but dissimilar. Islam looks at their different roles in society not as superior or inferior but as complementary to each other.

Islam the religion of PeaceIslam is a religion of peace. This is evident even from the name "Islam" itself. ("Islam" is an Arabic word.) The word "Islam" and the Arabic word for peace, "salaam" both come from the same root, "salima". Muslims are taught to greet each other by saying "salamun alaykum (peace be upon you)." The daily prayers also end with the same sentence. In Islam, one of the names by which God is known is "Salaam", which means peace. However, one must realize that peace can never be achieved in vacuum. It is inter twined with justice. One can have peace only on basis of justice. "Justice" means putting everything in its rightful place. If one starts putting things in the wrong places, then he disrupts the social harmony and disturbs peace. Islam seeks to promote peace on two levels:

1. Peace Within One's Self: A person can achieve inner peace by creating harmony and balance between his main emotions (desire and anger) and his spiritual self. In other words, between his emotions and his conscience. Human's spiritual power or conscience is not a static phenomenon: it has the ability of growth as well as decadence. God swears by the soul of human being and says, "He inspired to it to understand what is good and what is evil. Prosperous is the person who purifies it, and failed is he who seduces it." Holy Qur'an (91:10)

2. Peace With Others: Islam very strongly emphasizes on the rights, which people have over each other. It seeks to preserve peace in society by training and urging its followers to fulfill the rights of each other. In Islam, salvation is not possible by just fulfilling the rights of God; one has to fulfill the rights of other human beings also.

Unfortunately, because of the Middle Eastern events of last three decades, Islam has been branded by the media as a religion of violence. In recent years, the word "Islamic" has become one of the adjectives of "terrorism." In this back-drop, firstly, one must realize that the events in the Middle East can be fairly and fully understood only in the light of the post world war I history of that region, in particular the promises given by the British to the Arabs. Secondly, no fair-minded person would allow himself to blame the religion of Islam for the wrong-doings of those who call themselves as Muslims. It is just like saying that the Catholic Church promotes violence and terrorism because of the Irish Republican Army's activities

Courtesy: Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi.

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Edit date: پنجشنبه 16 بهمن 1393 08:11 ق.ظ

World Distribution of Muslim Population

چهارشنبه 15 بهمن 1393 07:57 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr


A comprehensive demographic study of more than 200 countries finds that there are 1.57 billion Muslims of all ages living in the world today, representing 23% of an estimated 2009 world population of 6.8 billion.

While Muslims are found on all five inhabited continents, more than 60% of the global Muslim population is in Asia and about 20% is in the Middle East and North Africa. However, the Middle East-North Africa region has the highest percentage of Muslim-majority countries. Indeed, more than half of the 20 countries and territories1 in that region have populations that are approximately 95% Muslim or greater.

More than 300 million Muslims, or one-fifth of the world’s Muslim population, live in countries where Islam is not the majority religion. These minority Muslim populations are often quite large. India, for example, has the third-largest population of Muslims worldwide. China has more Muslims than Syria, while Russia is home to more Muslims than Jordan and Libya combined.

Of the total Muslim population, 10-13% are Shia Muslims and 87-90% are Sunni Muslims. Most Shias (between 68% and 80%) live in just four countries: Iran, Pakistan, India and Iraq.

These are some of the key findings of Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Muslim Population, a new study by the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life. The report offers the most up-to-date and fully sourced estimates of the size and distribution of the worldwide Muslim population, including sectarian identity.

Previously published estimates of the size of the global Muslim population have ranged widely, from 1 billion to 1.8 billion.2 But these commonly quoted estimates often have appeared without citations to specific sources or explanations of how the figures were generated.

The Pew Forum report is based on the best available data for 232 countries and territories. Pew Forum researchers, in consultation with nearly 50 demographers and social scientists at universities and research centers around the world, acquired and analyzed about 1,500 sources, including census reports, demographic studies and general population surveys, to arrive at these figures – the largest project of its kind to date. (See Methodology for more detail.)

The Pew Forum’s estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world’s Muslim population.3 Readers should bear in mind that the figures given in this report for the Sunni and Shia populations are less precise than the figures for the overall Muslim population. Data on sectarian affiliation have been infrequently collected or, in many countries, not collected at all. Therefore, the Sunni and Shia numbers reported here are expressed as broad ranges and should be treated as approximate.

These findings on the world Muslim population lay the foundation for a forthcoming study by the Pew Forum, scheduled to be released in 2010, that will estimate growth rates among Muslim populations worldwide and project Muslim populations into the future. The Pew Forum plans to launch a similar study of global Christianity in 2010 as well. The Pew Forum also plans to conduct in-depth public opinion surveys on the intersection of religion and public life around the world, starting with a 19-country survey of sub-Saharan Africa scheduled to be released later this year. These forthcoming studies are part of a larger effort – the Global Religious Futures Project, jointly funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts and the John Templeton Foundation – that aims to increase people’s understanding of religion around the world

* Indicates the use of a source with a small enough sample size to make these estimates somewhat less reliable. Due to this greater margin of error, percentages are rounded to the nearest integer rather than to the first decimal place and are therefore more approximate (~). The only exception to this rule is the display of Turkey’s percentage of world population as 4.7% rather than ~ 5%.

“–” indicates that the number of Muslims is too small to be reliably estimated.


Map: Distribution of Muslim Population by Country and Territory

Only countries with more than 1 million Muslims are shown
2009 Muslim population, the percentage of its population that is Muslim and the percentage of the world Muslim population it represents.

This “weighted” map of the world shows each country’s relative size based on its Muslim population. Figures are rounded to the nearest million. Click to enlarge.


Download the map

Asia Predominates

Two-thirds of all Muslims worldwide live in the 10 countries shown below. Of the 10 countries, six are in Asia (Indonesia, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Iran and Turkey), three are in North Africa (Egypt, Algeria and Morocco) and one is in Sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria).

Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims

Estimated 2009
Muslim Population
Percentage of
Population that
is Muslim
Percentage of
World Muslim
Indonesia 202,867,000 88.2% 12.9%
Pakistan 174,082,000 96.3 11.1
India 160,945,000 13.4 10.3
Bangladesh 145,312,000 89.6 9.3
Egypt 78,513,000 94.6 5.0
Nigeria 78,056,000 50.4 5.0
Iran 73,777,000 99.4 4.7
Turkey* 73,619,000 ~98 4.7
Algeria 34,199,000 98.0 2.2
Morocco* 31,993,000 ~99 ~2
* Data for Turkey and Morocco come primarily from general population surveys, which are less reliable than censuses or large-scale demographic and health surveys for estimating minority-majority ratios (see Methodology). As a result, the percentage of the population that is Muslim in these two countries is rounded to the nearest integer.

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009

The bulk of the world’s Muslim population – more than six-in-ten (62%) – is located in Asia, a region that, for the purposes of this report, includes not only East Asian countries such as China but also countries as far west as Turkey. (For a complete breakdown of countries by region, see World Muslim Population by Region and Country.)

Muslim Population by Region

Estimated 2009
Muslim Population
Percentage of
Population that
is Muslim
Percentage of
World Muslim
Asia-Pacific 972,537,000 24.1% 61.9%
Middle East-North Africa 315,322,000 91.2 20.1
Sub-Saharan Africa 240,632,000 30.1 15.3
Europe 38,112,000 5.2 2.4
Americas 4,596,000 0.5 0.3
World Total 1,571,198,000 22.9 100.0
Note: The list of countries that make up each region can be found in the section titled “World Muslim Population by Region and Country.”

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009

Living as Majorities and Minorities

While 80% of the world’s Muslims live in countries where Muslims are in the majority, significant numbers – about one-fifth of the world’s Muslim population – live as religious minorities in their home countries. Of the roughly 317 million Muslims living as minorities, about 240 million – about three-quarters – live in five countries: India (161 million), Ethiopia (28 million), China (22 million), Russia (16 million) and Tanzania (13 million). Two of the 10 countries with the largest number of Muslims living as minorities are in Europe: Russia (16 million) and Germany (4 million).

These minority populations are often quite large. For example, India, a Hindu-majority country, has the third-largest population of Muslims worldwide. The Muslim population of Ethiopia is about as large as that of Afghanistan. China has more Muslims than Syria; Russia is home to more Muslims than Jordan and Libya combined; and Germany has more Muslims than Lebanon.

Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims Living as Minorities

Estimated 2009
Muslim Population
Percentage of
Population that
is Muslim
Percentage of
World Muslim
India 160,945,000 13.4% 10.3%
Ethiopia 28,063,000 33.9 1.8
China 21,667,000 1.6 1.4
Russia 16,482,000 11.7 1.0
Tanzania 13,218,000 30.2 0.8
Ivory Coast 7,745,000 36.7 0.5
Mozambique 5,224,000 22.8 0.3
Philippines 4,654,000 5.1 0.3
Germany* 4,026,000 ~5 <1
Uganda 3,958,000 12.1 0.3
* Data for Germany come in part from general population surveys, which are less reliable than censuses or large-scale demographic and health surveys for estimating minority-majority ratios (see Methodology). As a result, the percentage of the population that is Muslim in Germany is rounded to the nearest integer.

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009

Of the 232 countries and territories included in this study, 50 are Muslim-majority. Out of these, however, more than six-in-ten (62%) have a smaller Muslim population than do Russia and China individually.

The Middle East-North Africa region contains the highest percentage of Muslim-majority countries compared with other regions. Of the 20 countries and territories in the region, 17 have a population that is more than 75% Muslim, with Israel, Lebanon and Sudan being the only exceptions. In comparison, only 12 of 61 countries in Asia, 10 of 50 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and two of 50 countries in Europe (Kosovo and Albania) are 75% or more Muslim.

Sunni and Shia Populations

An overwhelming majority of Muslims are Sunnis, while an estimated 10-13% are Shias. This report estimates that there are between 154 million and 200 million Shia Muslims in the world today.

Between 116 million and 147 million Shias live in Asia, representing about three-quarters of the world’s Shia population (note that Iran is included in the Asia-Pacific region). Meanwhile, nearly a quarter of the world’s Shias (36 million to 44 million) live in the Middle East-North Africa.4 Looked at in a different way, 12-15% of the Muslim population in the Asia-Pacific region is Shia, as is 11-14% of the Muslim population in the Middle East-North Africa region. The figures for Shias are generally given as a range because of the limitations in the secondary-source data (see Methodology for Sunni-Shia Estimates).

Quick Definition: Sunnis and Shias

Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims (also known as Shiites) comprise the two main sects within Islam. Sunni and Shia identities first formed around a dispute over leadership succession soon after the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 A.D. Over time, however, the political divide between the two groups broadened to include theological distinctions and differences in religious practices as well.While the two sects are similar in many ways, they differ over conceptions of religious authority and interpretation as well as the role of the Prophet Muhammad’s descendants, for example.For readers seeking more detail on the categories used in this report, Sunnis include followers of the Hanafi, Shafi, Maliki and Hanbali schools of Islamic jurisprudence as well as the Wahhabi or Salafi movement. Shias include Ithna Asharis (Twelvers), Ismailis, Zaydis, Alevis and Alawites.

There also are a few Muslim groups that are difficult to classify as either Sunni or Shia. These include Kharijites in Oman and the Nation of Islam movement in the United States, as well as the Druze, who are located primarily in and around Lebanon. Given the relatively small numbers of people associated with such groups, this report does not provide separate figures for them, but they are included in the overall Muslim population statistics.

Readers should also note that there is no separate estimate for Sufis, whose spiritual and mystical practices have a following among both Sunnis and Shias. There are no reliable figures on the proportion of Muslims worldwide who follow Sufi practices.

Most Shias (between 68% and 80%) live in four countries: Iran, Pakistan, India and Iraq. Iran has 66 million to 70 million Shias, or 37-40% of the world’s total Shia population. Iraq, India and Pakistan each are home to at least 16 million Shias.

Sizeable numbers of Shias (1 million or more) are found in Turkey, Yemen, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Nigeria and Tanzania. Shias constitute a relatively small percentage of the Muslim population elsewhere in the world. About 300,000 Shias are estimated to be living in North America, including both the U.S. and Canada, constituting about 10% of North America’s Muslim population.

In four countries – Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Iraq – Shia Muslims make up a majority of the total population.

Map: More Than a Third of the World’s Shia Muslims Live in Iran

Roll over a country bubble to see the percentage of its Muslim population that is Shia and the percentage of the world Shia population it represents.

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009

Countries with More Than 100,000 Shia Muslims

Estimated 2009
Shia Population
Percentage of Muslim
Population that is Shia
Percentage of World
Shia Population
Iran 66 – 70 million 90 – 95% 37 – 40%
Pakistan 17 – 26 million 10 – 15 10 – 15
India 16 – 24 million 10 – 15 9 – 14
Iraq 19 -22 million 65 – 70 11 – 12
Turkey 7 – 11 million 10 – 15 4 – 6
Yemen 8 – 10 million 35 – 40 ~5
Azerbaijan 5 – 7 million 65 – 75 3 – 4
Afghanistan 3 – 4 million 10 – 15 ~2
Syria 3 – 4 million 15 – 20 ~2
Saudi Arabia 2 – 4 million 10 – 15 1 – 2
Nigeria <4 million <5 <2
Lebanon 1 – 2 million 45 – 55 <1
Tanzania <2 million <10 <1
Kuwait 500,000 – 700,000 20 – 25 <1
Germany 400,000 – 600,000 10 – 15 <1
Bahrain 400,000 – 500,000 65 – 75 <1
Tajikistan ~400,000 ~7 <1
United Arab Emirates 300,000 – 400,000 ~10 <1
United States 200,000 – 400,000 10 – 15 <1
Oman 100,000 – 300,000 5 – 10 <1
United Kingdom 100,000 – 300,000 10 – 15 <1
Bulgaria ~100,000 10 – 15 <1
Qatar ~100,000 ~10 <1
World Total 154 – 200 million 10 – 13 100
Note: Countries with an estimated Shia population of less than 1% of the country’s Muslim population are not listed. The figures for Shias are generally given in a range because of the limitations of the secondary-source data (see Methodology for Sunni-Shia Estimates). Figures may not sum to totals due to rounding.

Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life • Mapping the Global Muslim Population, October 2009


1 For a definition of “territories,” see the methodology.

2 See, for example, CIA World Factbook; Foreign Policy magazine, May 2007; Who Speaks for Islam: What a Billion Muslims Really Think, 2008; Adherents.com; and IslamicPopulation.com.

3 See, for example, IslamicWeb.com; “Shia Muslims in the Middle East,” Council on Foreign Relations, June 2006; and “The Revival of Shia Islam,” Vali Nasr speaking at a Pew Forum event, July 2006.

4 The three-quarters figure for Asia was calculated by comparing the middle of the range of the estimates for Asia’s Shia population (about 132 million) with the middle of the range of the estimates for the world’s Shia population (about 177 million). The figure for the Middle East-North Africa was calculated by comparing the middle of the range of the estimates for the Middle East-North Africa’s Shia population (about 40 million) with the middle of the range of the estimates for the world’s Shia population (about 177 million).


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Edit date: چهارشنبه 15 بهمن 1393 08:10 ب.ظ

Insult to others

یکشنبه 5 بهمن 1393 06:34 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr
 I searched in internet and I saw many insults to Jesus and very badly to nuns.
And now I say when christians insult to thiers   ,what can we say to them...I just say christianity I am so sorry
look at these 2 pics .

and this is  Islam:

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Edit date: یکشنبه 5 بهمن 1393 06:41 ب.ظ

who was prophet Muhammad - 2

پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 10:08 ق.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr
shia muslims

To read the first part just click on this sentence

Every year, during the pilgrimage season, the world witnesses the wonderful spectacle of this international Exhibition of Islam in leveling all distinctions of race, color and rank. Not only the Europeans, the African, the Arabian, the Persian, the Indians, the Chinese all meet together in Mecca as members of one divine family, but they are all clad in one dress, every person in two simple pieces of white seamless cloth, one piece round the loin the other piece over the shoulders, bare headed, without pomp or ceremony, repeating, "Here am I O God; at thy command; thou art one and the only; Here am I." Thus there remains nothing to differentiate the high from the low and every pilgrim carries home the impression of the international significance of Islam.

In the words of Prof. Hurgronje "the league of nations founded by prophet of Islam put the principle of international unity and human brotherhood on such universal foundations as to show candle to other nations." He continues: "the fact is that no nation of the world can show a parallel to what Islam has done towards the realization of the idea of the League of Nations."

The prophet of Islam brought the reign of democracy in its best form. Caliph Umar, Caliph Ali and the son-in-law of the prophet, the Caliph Mansur, Abbas, the son of Caliph Mamun and many other caliphs and kings had to appear before the judge as ordinary men in Islamic courts. Even today we all know how the civilized white races treat the black Negroes. Consider the state of Bilal, a Negro slave, in the days of the prophet of Islam nearly 14 centuries ago. The office of calling Muslims to prayer was considered to be a position of honor in the early days of Islam and it was offered to this Negro slave. After the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet ordered him to call for prayer and the Negro slave, with his black color and his thick lips, stood over the roof of the holy Kaaba, the most historic and the holiest place in the Islamic world, when some proud Arabs painfully cried loud, "Oh, this black Negro slave, woe be to him. He stands on the roof of holy Kaaba to call for prayer."

As if to answer this outburst smacking of pride and prejudice, both of which the Prophet of Islam aimed at eliminating, he delivered a sermon in which he said:

"Allah is to be praised and thanked for ridding us of the vices and pride of the days of ignorance. O People! Note that all men are divided in two categories only: The pious and God-fearing who are esteemable in Allah's reckoning, and the transgressors and hard-hearted, who are lowly and contemptible in the eye of Allah. Otherwise all human beings are the progeny of Adam and Allah has created Adam of Clay"

This was later approved and confirmed by Qur'an in the following words:

O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). Holy Qur'an (49:13)

The Prophet of Islam thus brought about such a mighty transformation that the noblest and purest among Arabs by birth offered their daughters in marriage to this Negro slave and whenever the second Caliph of Islam, known to history as Umar the great, the commander of faithful, saw this Negro slave, he immediately stood in reverence and welcomed him by exclaiming, "Here comes our master; Here comes our lord." What a tremendous change was brought by Qur'an and Prophet Muhummed in the Arabs, the proudest people at that time on the earth. This is the reason why Goethe, the greatest of German poets, speaking about the Holy Qur'an, declared that, "This book will go on exercising through all ages a most potent influence." This is also the reason why George Bernard Shaw says, "If any religion has a chance of ruling over England, nay, Europe, within the next 100 years, it is Islam".

It is this same democratic spirit of Islam that has emancipated women from the bondage of man. Sir Charles Edward Archibald Hamilton says, "Islam teaches the inherent sinless ness of man. It teaches that man and woman and woman have come from the same essence, posses the same soul and have been equipped with equal capabilities for intellectual, spiritual and moral attainments."

The Arabs had a very strong tradition that he alone can inherit who can smite with the spear and can wield the sword. But Islam came as the defender of the weaker sex and entitled women to share the inheritance of their parents. It gave women, centuries ago the right of owning property. Yet it was only 12 centuries later, in 1881, that England, supposed to be the cradle of democracy, adopted this institution of Islam and an act was called "the married woman's Act". But centuries earlier, the Prophet of Islam had proclaimed that "Woman are twin halves of men. The rights of women are sacred. See that women maintained rights granted to them."

Islam is not directly concerned with political and economic systems, but indirectly and, in so far as political and economic affairs influence man's conduct, it does lay down some very important principles of economic life. According to Prof. Massignon, Islam maintains the balance between exaggerated opposites and has always in view the building of character, which is the basis of civilization. This is secured by its law of inheritance, by an organized, and not an optional, system of charity known as Zakat; and by regarding as illegal all anti-social practices in the economic field like monopoly, usury, securing of pre-determined unearned income and increments, cornering markets, hoarding and creating artificial scarcity of any commodity in order to force the prices to rise. Gambling is illegal. Contribution to schools, to places of worship, hospitals, digging of wells, opening of orphanages are highest acts of virtue. Orphanages have sprung for the first time, it is said, under the teaching of the prophet of Islam. The world owes its orphanages to this Prophet who was himself born an orphan. "Good all this" says Carlyle about Muhummed. "The natural voice of humanity, of pity and equity, dwelling in the heart of this wild son of nature, speaks."

A historian once said, a great man should be judged by three tests:

  • Was he found to be of true mettle by his contemporaries?
  • Was he great enough to rise above the standards of his age?
  • Did he leave anything as permanent legacy to the world at large?

  • This list may be further extended but all these three tests of greatness are eminently satisfied to the highest degree in case of Prophet Muhummed. Some illustrations of the last two have already been mentioned.

    The first of the three is: Was the Prophet of Islam found to be of true mettle by his contemporaries?

    Historical records show that all the contemporaries of Muhummed both friends foes, acknowledged the sterling qualities, the spotless honesty, the noble virtues, the absolute sincerity and the absolute trustworthiness of the apostle of Islam in all walks of life and in every sphere of human activity. Even the Jews and those who did not believe in his message, accepted him as the arbiter in their personal disputes on account of his scrupulous impartiality. Even those who did not believe in his message were forced to say "O Muhummed we do not call you a liar, but we deny him who has given you a book and inspired you with a message." They thought he was one possessed. They tried violence to cure him. But the best of them saw that a new light had dawned on him and they hastened him to seek that enlightenment. It is a notable feature in the history of Prophet of Islam that his nearest relation, his beloved cousin and his bosom friends, who know him most intimately, were not thoroughly imbued with the truth of his mission and convinced of the genuineness of his divine inspiration. "If these men and women, noble, intelligent, and certainly not less educated than the fishermen of Galilee, had perceived the slightest sign of earthliness, deception or want of faith in the Teacher himself, Muhummed's hopes moral regeneration and social reform, would all have been crumbled to dust in a moment." From "The Sprit of Islam" by Sayed Ameer Ali.

    On the contrary, we find that devotion of his followers was such that he was voluntarily acknowledged leader of their lives. They braved for his sake persecutions and danger; they believed, trusted, obeyed and honored him even in the most excruciating torture and severest mental agony caused by excommunication; even unto death. Would this have been so, had they noticed the slightest backsliding in their leader?

    Read the history of the early converts to Islam, and every heart would melt at the sight of the brutal treatment of innocent men and women. Sumayya, an innocent woman, is cruelly torn into pieces by piercing through with spears. An example is made of Yasir whose legs are tied to two camels and the beasts are driven in the opposite direction. Khabbab bin Arth is made lie down on a bed of burning coal with the brutal legs of the merciless tyrant on his breast so that he may not move and this makes even the fat beneath his skin melt. "Khabban bin Adi is put to death in a cruel manner by mutilation and cutting off his flesh piecemeal." In the midst of his tortures, when asked whether he did not wish Muhummed in his place while he was in his house with his family, the sufferer cried out that he was gladly prepared to sacrifice himself, his family and children and all to save Muhummed from the prick of a thorn. Scores of heart-rending incidents of this type may be narrated. But what do all these incidents show? Why was it that these sons and daughters of Islam not only surrendered to their Prophet their allegiance but also made a gift of their bodies, hearts and souls? Is not the intense faith and conviction on the part of the immediate followers of Muhummed, the noblest testimony to his sincerity and to his utter self-absorption in the task assigned to him?

    And these men were not of low station or of an inferior mental caliber. Around him in quite early days, gathered what was best and noblest in Mecca, its flower and cream, men of position, rank, wealth and culture, and from his own kith and kin, those who knew the ins and outs of his life. All the first four Caliphs, with their towering personalities, were converts of this period.

    The Encyclopedia Britannica says, "Muhummed is the most successful of all Prophets and religious personalities". But this success was not the result of mere accident. It was not a windfall. It was recognition of the fact that he was found to be of true mettle by his contemporaries. It was the result of his admirable and all-compelling personality.

    The personality of Muhummed, it is most difficult to get into the whole truth of it. Only a glimpse of it I can catch. What a dramatic succession of picturesque scenes. There is Muhummed, the Prophet, there is Muhummed, the General; Muhummed, the King; Muhummed, the Warrior; Muhummed, the Businessman; Muhummed, the Preacher; Muhummed, the Philosopher; Muhummed, the Statesman; Muhummed, the Orator; Muhummed; the Reformer; Muhummed, the Refuge of Orphans; Muhummed, the Protector of slaves; Muhummed, the Emancipator of women; Muhummed, the Judge; Muhummed the Saint. And in all these magnificent roles, in all these departments of human activities, he is alike a hero.

    Orphanhood is the extreme of helplessness and his life upon this earth began with it. Kingship is the height of the material power and his life ended with it. From an orphan boy to a persecuted refugee and then to an overlord, spiritual as well as temporal, of a whole nation and Arbiter of its destinies, with all its trials and temptations, with all its vicissitudes and changes, its lights and shades, its up and downs, its terror and splendor, he has stood the fire of the world and came out unscathed to serve as a model in every face of life. His achievements are not limited to one aspect of life, but cover the whole field of human conditions.

    Muhummed If for instance, greatness consist in the purification of a nation, steeped in barbarism and immersed in absolute moral darkness, that dynamic personality who has transformed, refined and uplifted an entire nation, sunk low as the Arabs were, and made them the torch-bearers of civilizations and learning, has every claim to that greatness. If greatness lies in unifying the discordant elements of society by the ties of brotherhood and charity, the prophet of the desert has got every title to this distinction. If greatness consists in reforming those warped in a degrading superstition and pernicious practices of every kind, the Prophet of Islam has wiped out superstitions and irrational fear from the hearts of millions. If it lies in displaying high morals, Muhummed has been admitted by friend and foes as Al-Amin, and As-Sadiq, the trustworthy and faithful. If a conqueror is a great man, here is a person who rose from helpless orphan and a humble creature to be the ruler of Arabia, the equal of Khosros and Caesars, one who founded a great empire that has survived all these 14 centuries. If the devotion that a leader commands is the criterion of greatness, the prophet's name even today exerts a magic charm over millions of souls, spread all over the world.

    He had not studied philosophy in the school of Athens or Rome, Persia, India, or China; yet, he could proclaim the highest truths of eternal value to mankind. Unlettered himself, he could yet speak with an eloquence and fervor which moved men to tears of ecstasy. Born an orphan and blessed with no worldly goods, he was loved by all. He had studied at no military academy; yet he could organize his forces against tremendous odds and gained victories through the moral forces, which he marshaled. Gifted men with a genius for preaching are rare. Descartes included the perfect preacher among the rarest kind in the world. Hitler in his 'Mein Kamp' has expressed a similar view. He says: "A great theorist is seldom a great leader. An Agitator is far more likely to posses these qualities. He will always be a better leader. For, leadership means the ability to move masses of men. The talent to produce ideas has nothing in common with capacity for leadership." But, he says, "The Union of theorists, organizer and leader in one man, is the rarest phenomenon on this earth; Therein consists greatness." In the person of the Prophet of Islam the world has seen this rarest phenomenon on the earth, walking in flesh and blood.

    And more wonderful still is what the reverend Bosworth Smith remarks: "Head of the state as well as the Church, he was Caesar and Pope in one; but, he was pope without the pope's pretensions, and Caesar without the legions of Caesar, without an standing army, without a bodyguard, without a police force, without a fixed revenue. If ever a man had the right to say that he ruled by a right divine, it was Muhummed, for he had all the powers without their supports. He cared not for the dressings of power. The simplicity of his private life was in keeping with his public life."

    After the fall of Mecca more than one million square miles of land lay at his feet, Lord of Arabia, he mended his own shoes and coarse woolen garments, milked the goats, swept the hearth, kindled the fire and attended to other menial offices of the family. The entire town of Medina where he lived grew wealthy in the later days of his life. Everywhere there was gold and silver in plenty and yet in those days of prosperity many weeks would elapse without a fire being kindled in the hearth of the king of Arabia, his food being dates and water. His family would go hungry many nights successively because they could not get anything to eat in the evening. He slept on no soften bed but on a palm mat, after a long busy day, to spend most of his night in prayer, often bursting with tears before his creator to grant him strength to discharge his duties. As the reports go, his voice would get choked due to weeping and it would appear as if a cooking pot was on fire and boiling had commenced. On the day of his death his only assets were few coins, a part of which went to satisfy a debt and rest was given to a needy person who came to his house for charity. The clothes in which he breathed his last had many patches. The house from where light had spread to the world was in darkness because there was no oil in the lamp.

    Circumstances changed, but the prophet of God did not. In victory or in defeat, in power or in adversity, in affluence or in indigence, he was the same man, disclosed the same character. Like all the ways and laws of God, Prophets of God are unchangeable
     Prof. K. S. Ramakrishna Rao, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Government College for Women, University of Mysore, Mandya-571401, Karnataka, India

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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 10:21 ق.ظ

    who was prophet Muhammad - 1

    پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 09:58 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    shia Muslims


    In the desert of Arabia was Muhummed born, according to Muslim historians, on April 20, 571. The name means, "Highly Praised". He is to me the greatest mind among all the sons of Arabia. He means so much more than all the poets and kings that preceded and succeeded him in that impenetrable desert of red sand.

    When he appeared, Arabia was a desert - a nothing. Out of nothing of the desert a new world was fashioned by the mighty spirit of Muhummed - a new life, a new culture, a new civilization, a new kingdom which extended from Morocco to Indies and influenced the thought and life of three continents - Asia, Africa and Europe.

    When I thought of writing on Muhummed the prophet, I was a bit hesitant because it was to write about a religion one does not profess (The author is a Hindu) and it is a delicate matter to do so, for there are many persons professing various religions and belonging to diverse schools of thought and denominations even in same religion. Though it is sometimes claimed that a religion is entirely personal yet it cannot be gainsaid that it has a tendency to envelop the whole universe seen as well unseen. It somehow permeates sometime or other, our hearts, our souls, and our minds their conscious parts, subconscious parts, unconscious or whatever part they contain or are supposed to contain. The problem assumes overwhelming importance when there is a deep conviction that our past, present and future all hang by the soft, delicate, tender-silked cord. If we further happen to be highly sensitive, the center of gravity is very likely to be always in a state of extreme tension. Looked at from this point of view, the less said about other's religion the better. Let our religions be deeply hidden and embedded in the recesses of our innermost hearts fortified by unbroken seals of our lips.

    But there is another aspect of this problem. Man lives in society. Our lives are bound with the lives of so many, willingly or unwillingly, directly or indirectly. We eat the food grown in the same soil, drink the water, from the same spring, and breathe the air of the same atmosphere. Even while staunchly holding our own views, it would be helpful, if for no other purpose, at least to promote proper adjustment to our surroundings, if we also know to some extent, how the mind our neighbor moves and what the main springs of his actions. From this angle of vision, it is highly desirable that one should try to know all religions of the world, in the proper sprit, to promote mutual understanding and better appreciation of our neighborhood, immediate and remote.

    Further, our thoughts are not scattered, as they appear to be on the surface. They have got themselves crystallized around a few nuclei in the form of great world religions and living faiths that guide and motivate the lives of millions that inhabit this earth of ours. It is our duty, in one sense if we have the ideal of ever becoming a citizens of the world before us, to make a little attempt to know the great religions and system of philosophy that have ruled mankind.

    In spite of these preliminary remarks, the ground in the field of religion, where there is often a conflict between intellect and emotion, is so slippery that one is constantly reminded of fools that rush in where angels fear to tread. It is also so complex from another point of view. The subject of my writing is about the tenets of a religion, which is historic, and its prophet, who is also a historic personality. Even a hostile critic like Sir William Muir speaking about the holy Qur'an says that. "There is probably in the world no other book which has remained twelve (Now fourteen) centuries with so pure text." I may also add, Prophet Muhummed is also a historic personality, every event of whose life has been most carefully recorded and even the minutest details preserved intact for the posterity. His life and works are not wrapped in mystery. One need not hunt for the accurate information and embark on arduous expeditions to sift the chaff and husk from the grain of truth

    My work is further lightened because those days are fast disappearing when Islam was highly misrepresented by some of its critics for reasons political and otherwise. Prof. Bevan writes in Cambridge Medieval History, "Those account of Muhummed and Islam which were published in Europe before the beginning of 19th century are now to be regarded as literary curiosities." My problem is to write this monograph is easier because we are now generally not fed on this kind of history and much time need not be spent on pointing out our misrepresentation of Islam.

    The theory of Islam and Sword for instance is not heard now frequently in any quarter worth the name. Principle of Islam that there is no compulsion in religion is well known. Gibbon, a historian of worldwide fame, says, "A pernicious tenet has been imputed to the Muhummedans, the duty of extirpating all the religions by sword." This charge of ignorance and bigotry, says the eminent historian, is refuted by Qur'an, by the history of Musalman conquerors and by their public and legal toleration of Christian worship. The greatest success of Muhummed's life was affected by sheer moral force, without a stroke of sword.

    To the Arabs who would fight for forty years on the slight provocation that a camel belonging to the guest of one tribe had strayed into the grazing land belonging to other tribe and both sides had fought till they lost 70,000 lives in all, threatening the extinction of both the tribes, to such furious Arabs, the Prophet of Islam taught self-control and discipline to the extent of praying even on the battlefield.

    When, after repeated efforts of conciliation had utterly failed, circumstances arose that dragged him into the battlefield purely in self-defense, the prophet of Islam changed the whole strategy of the battlefield. The total number of casualties in all the wars that took place during his lifetime, when the whole Arabian Peninsula came under his banner, does not exceed a few hundreds in all. He taught the Arab barbarians to pray, to pray not individually, but in congregation to God Almighty even amidst the dust and storm of warfare. Whenever the time for prayer came - and it comes five times every day - the congregational prayer had not to be abandoned or even postponed. A party had to be engaged in bowing their heads before God while another was engaged with the enemy. After finishing the prayers, the two parties had to exchange their positions.

    In an aged of barbarism, the Battlefield itself was humanized and strict instructions were issued not to embezzle, not to cheat, not to break trust, not to mutilate, not to kill a minor child or a woman or an old man, not to hew down date palm nor burn it, not to cut down a fruit tree, not to molest monks and persons engaged in worship. His own treatment of his bitterest enemies was the noblest example for his followers. At the conquest of Mecca, he stood at the zenith of his power. The city which had tortured him and his followers, which had driven him and his people into exile and which had unrelentingly persecuted and boycotted him even when he had taken refuge in a place more than 200 miles away, that city now lay at his feet. By the laws of war he could have justly avenged all the cruelties inflicted on him and his people. But what treatment did he meet out to them? Muhummed's heart overflowed with the milk of love and kindness as he declared, "This day, there is no reproof against you and you are all free."

    This was one of the chief objects why he permitted war in self-defense - to unite human beings. And when this object was achieved, even his worst enemies were pardoned. Even those who had killed his beloved uncle, Humza, mutilated his dead body, had ripped it open and chewed a piece of his liver.

    The principles of universal brotherhood and doctrine of the equality of mankind, which he proclaimed, represent very great contribution of Muhummed to the social uplift of humanity. All great religions have also preached the same doctrine, but the prophet of Islam had put this theory into actual practice and its value will be fully recognized, perhaps sometime hence, when international consciousness being awakened, racial prejudices would disappear and a stronger concept of the brotherhood of humanity comes into existence.

    Sarojini Naidu, speaking about this aspect of Islam, says, "It was the first religion that preached and practiced democracy; for, in the mosque, when the AZAAN (the Muslim call to prayer) is sounded and the worshipers are gathered together the democracy of Islam is embodied five times a day when the peasant and the king kneel side by side and proclaim, 'God alone is great'." The great poetess of India continues, "I have been struck over again by this indivisible unity of Islam that makes a man instinctively a brother. When you meet an Egyptian, an Algerian, an Indian and a Turk in London what matters is that Egypt is the motherland of one and India is the motherland of another."

    Mahatma Gandhi, in his inimitable style, says "Someone has said that Europeans in South Africa dread the advent Islam - Islam, that civilized Spain; Islam that took the torch of light to Morocco and preached to the world the Gospel of Brotherhood. The Europeans of South Africa dread the advent of Islam, as they claim equality with the white races. They may well dread it, if brotherhood is a sin, if it is equality of the colored races that they dread, then their dread is well founded

    To be continue "

    To Read th 2nd part click on this sentence


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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 10:22 ق.ظ

    Are Shia Muslims

    پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 09:23 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr

    Shia Muslims

    .The centuries-old Shia-Sunni differences are the major obstacle to Muslim unity. These differences have always been fanned by the enemies of Islam to their benefit. Unfortunately, some so-called Muslim scholars on their payroll have also played a key role in keeping these differences alive.

    Although I was born into a Sayyid Sunni family, I did not know of many differences while growing up as a child. Our families always respected Imam Hussayn (peace be upon him) and his parents and participated in ceremonies marking the anniversary of his martyrdom (the 10th day of the month of Muharram which is called Ashura) by reciting the first chapter of the Quran (al-Fatihah) and other chapters and verses of the Quran and fasted on the ninth and tenth days of that month.

    Now when I give lectures on Islam to non-Muslims, one of the questions they always ask me is if I am Shia or Sunni. I ask them if they know the difference. They have no knowledge, other than what has been given to them by the media. So they say Shias are the ones who are the bad guys, the militant version of Islam, and cause all the trouble in the Middle East these days.

    These non-Muslim American audiences of mine are surprised to learn that some of the known tyrants like Saddam Hussain and troublemakers like the PLO and Hamas are all Sunnis, just as they are surprised to learn that Tariq Aziz (Iraq's Foreign Minister) is Christian and not a Muslim.

    This is what I say to them about Shi'ites.
        "If Ali Ibn Talib (cousin of Prophet Muhammad) was a Shia, then I am a Shia. If he was a Sunni, then I am a Sunni (i.e., a follower of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

    In Islam there are five recognized schools of Divine Law:
        1) Hanafi;
        2) Shafi;
        3) Maliki;
        4) Hanbali and
        5) Jafari.

    The first four are called Sunni, and the fifth one, who in addition to following sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.), also follows those of Ali and consider him as the rightful successor of the Prophet, are called Shia .

    The first four have many major theological differences among themselves and according to a Christian friend of mine, "The only time Sunnis are united is when they are fighting Shias." Shi'ism started as a political movement (Shia means follower or partisan) to help Ali become successor of Muhammad (S.A.W.).

    Around every successful popular figure, there are some admirers whose own future interests rest with the rise of their leader. Thus in Indiana, we have "Friends of Lugar Club", who are hoping that some day Senator Richard Lugar will become a US President. Nationally, we now have a "Hillary Rodham Clinton Fan Club" with 4,000 members! Thus, there were the Followers of Ali Club which later on became a political movement. During the initial battles with unbelievers, Ali, the Sword of Islam, was in the forefront and defeated and killed many of their leaders whose children and grandchildren, even when they became Muslims, always remembered who killed their father (animosity).

      Ali was raised by Prophet Muhammad as a child so he knew Islam very well. Thus, when he became a judge, his judgments were based on strict Islamic principles, much to the disappointment of many who expected him to be lenient to the rich and powerful. He was so well respected and trusted by both Caliph Abu Bakr and Umar, that in difficult cases they asked his opinion.

      Nevertheless, I tell my non-Muslim audience that both Shia and Sunni have many things in common. They both believe in One God (Allah), follow the same Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) as the last Prophet, offer five daily prescribed prayers, perform the prescribed fast in the month of Ramadan, go to Makkah for the pilgrimage (hajj), read the same Quran, and pay the poor-due.

    However, my answers can only satisfy my uninformed non-Muslim audience. The Sunni brothers, misguided by western propaganda. who are ready to embrace non-Muslims (especially the white ones), in the pretext of invitation to Islam, will not do so for Shia. They are ignorant Sunnis. Our job as a missionary should be to invite both groups to the true Islam and not chase them out. There is a movement in the Sunni world to have Shias labeled as disbelievers. I have been told that Shaykh Bin Baz of Saudi Arabia has declared an edict that the meat of the People of Book (Jews and Christians) is permissible for Sunni Muslims to eat but not the meat slaughtered by Shias.

    There are scholars on both sides, like Imam Khomeini and Shaykh Shaltut of al-Azhar who have done their best to minimize these differences and bring unity, but it is not working due to the misinformation prevailing in the common masses of Sunnis about Shi'ism. Thus I am listing their misconceptions of Shia belief and practices. For answers, I have consulted two Shia scholars in America., Dr. A. S. Hashim of Washington and Imam Muhammad Ali Elahi of Detroit.

    Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr wrote to me "to ignore and not waste time in responding to such wrong allegations." He also mentioned that "a great deal of money and effort is being spent in the last few years to fan the fire of hatred between Shia and Sunni in the Persian Gulf region with obvious political and economical fruits for powers to-be." However, in the interest of Islamic unity, I must deal with the questions rather than shun them. Please note that Imam Jafar (peace be upon him), founder of the Shia school of law, was the teacher of Imam Abu-Hanifa (peace be upon him).

    Misconception #1:
        Shias have a different Quran. They add another 10 chapters to the original Quran.
        Response: Not true. I have checked many times Quran kept in Shia homes and mosques. I still find it the same as the original Quran. More recently, I took care of an Iranian lady patient hospitalized here. I saw a copy of the Quran by her side. I borrowed it from her and browsed through cover to cover. In Arabic it was the same as our Quran. Of course, since I did not know the Persian language, I can't say much about the translation. It is a sin to even say that the Quran can be changed or added to by Shia when it is protected by God.

    Misconception #2:
        Some Shia consider Ali as God.
        Response: Not true. It is disbelief to even think of such a thing. During the time of Ali, some pagan groups called Gholat did consider Ali as Lord. When he found out, they were burned to death. Alawis of Syria may have a similar belief, but they are non-Muslims, neither Shia nor Sunni.

      Misconception #3:
        Shias have different declarations of faith and they add to the call to prescribed prayer.
        Response: The declaration to become a Muslim, as administered to non-Muslims, is the same. Some Shia add to themselves, "Ali is a friend of God (S.A.W.) or Ali is a spiritual leader of God," after the call to prescribed prayer, but not as part of the call to prescribed prayer.

      Misconception #4:
        Shias do not perform sunnah prayers. Sunnah prayers are non obligatory prayers performed by Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.).
        Response: Shia do perform non-obligatory prayers, 36 cycles per day in total, but call it nawafil and not sunnah.

    Misconception #5:
        Some Shia believe the Angel Gabriel made a mistake and prophethood was meant for Ali and not Muhammad (S.A.W.).
        Response: Not true. No Shia thinks of such false claims. "Only demented minds think of such questions."

      Misconception #6:
        Shias slander and ridicule the first three caliphs (Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman) and Prophet Muhammad's wife, Ayisha.
        Response: Shia consider the first three caliphs as great companions and good Muslim administrators, but not spiritual leaders (imams). Imam Jafar Sadiq, whose mother and grandmother came from the line of Abu Bakr, said of Abu Bakr, "He gave me birth twice." Ayisha is respected by Shias as the "Mother of Believers," as Ali respected her when he sent her back from Basra to Madinah after the Battle of the Camel. If some Shia do slander the three caliphs and Ayisha, they do it out of ignorance and should ask God's forgiveness.

      Misconception # 7:
        Shias combine all five prayers into one prayer in the evening.
        Response: Not true. In Shia mosques, whether in Iran or the USA, all five daily prayers are performed. Some working Shia do combine noon and afternoon and evening and night, but Shia scholars recommend performing them separately. Such combinations may not be ideal, but better than not praying at all. How can a Sunni who does not pray at all be better than a Shia who combines prayers?

    Misconception # 8:
        Shias do not pay zakat (poor-due).
        Response: Not true. They not only pay 2.5% left over from savings as zakat, but also an additional 20% as khums or general charity. However, they prefer to pay directly to the needy rather than corrupt Sunni government.

    Misconception #9:
        Shias practice temporary marriages (mutah).
        Response: Mutah (temporary marriages) was allowed during the time of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) and he himself practiced it. Ibn Zubayr was born out of the temporary marriage. Later on Caliph Umar prohibited it due to social reasons as the Islamic world was rapidly expanding. Shias discourage mutah but do not consider it prohibited. Some do abuse this. As a temporary privilege during travel, it is better than adultery.

    Misconception #10:
        They consider Imams infallible and above the prophets.
        Response: Not true. All prophets are born Prophet but as mentioned in Quran about Abraham that after passing the test, a prophet becomes a leader (Imam). Imams are carriers of the message of Islam. Shias consider Ali only as an Imam, but Muhammad (S.A.W.) is the Prophet (nabi), Messenger (rasul) and leader (imam).   With the little knowledge I have, I have tried to do my best as a Sunni in defending my Shia brothers in Islam with the hope and prayer to God Almighty that He will "instill love in the heart of the believers" and bring us closer to each other so that we jointly can fight our common enemy, Satan and his followers

        Dr Shahid Athar, MD (USA



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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 09:49 ق.ظ

    I love Muhammad

    سه شنبه 30 دی 1393 07:53 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    shia Muslims shia MuslimsShia Muslims

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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 09:51 ق.ظ


    پنجشنبه 25 دی 1393 10:12 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    charlie je suis
    How funny it is..those who are ISIS supporters, gathered in Paris

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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 2 بهمن 1393 09:51 ق.ظ

    Prophet Muhammad,s Birthday

    چهارشنبه 17 دی 1393 08:26 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr

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    Edit date: چهارشنبه 17 دی 1393 08:32 ق.ظ

    Self flagellation in Shia

    دوشنبه 15 دی 1393 10:14 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    Tatbir In View of Imam Khamenei

    Unfortunately some minorities of Shia around the world, specially in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India, mourn in the day of Ashura in Muharram in such a way that no sane person can confirm it. They harm themselves with some type of blades and say that we love Imam Hussein! 
    Every year, hundreds of photos of these ceremonies are distributed over the web and if someone, unfamiliar with Shia believes, saw these pictures, he may think: o damn!, what an unconscionable religion!

    However, almost all grand Ayatollahs of Shia prohibited these type of mourning. For example, Imam Khamenei, about 20 years ago said:

    Tatbir is one of the wrong doings. I know some will say: “It would have been proper if he had not talked about Tatbir.” They will say: “What do you have to do with Tatbir? Some people practice it, let them do so!” No! One cannot remain silent towards such a wrong action.
    It is wrong that some people hold daggers and hit themselves on the head to bleed. What are they seeking?! How can this be an act of mourning?! Of course hitting on the head with one’s hands is a sign of mourning. You have seen it several times that when people face suffering, they hit on their chests and heads. This is a typical symbol of mourning. But where have you ever seen a person who is suffering from the loss of a dear one, hit on their head with a dagger and make it bleed?! How can this be a form of mourning?
    #Tatbir [#QameZani] is a fabricated tradition. It is among the issues that does not belong to the religion and undoubtedly God is not also pleased with such a practice.
    The more I thought about it, the more truly I realized I cannot overlook informing our dear people about Tatbir- which is certainly an act of wrongdoing and a heresy. Do not practice it! I do not approve of it. If someone does something to pretend that they want to practice Tatbir, I will be truly dissatisfied with them. I am declaring this solemnly.
    Ayatollah #Khamenei, June 07, 1994

    This act, that is well-supported by Western news channels like BBC, CNN and others, is also prohibited in Quran:

    And spend in the way of Allah and do not throw [yourselves] with your [own] hands into destruction. And do good; indeed, Allah loves the doers of good.

    Self Flagellation is forbidden in Shia

    self Flagellation in Pakistan

    self flagellation by Christians title=

    Self flagellation in Christianity 1

    Self flagellation in Christianity 2

    Self flagellation in Christianity3

    Sorce:shia muslims

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    Edit date: دوشنبه 15 دی 1393 01:23 ب.ظ

    Prophet's Birthday

    یکشنبه 14 دی 1393 10:42 ق.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    shia muslim

    Sunni Muslims observe the Prophet Muhammed's (also known as Mohammed or Muhammad) birthday on the 12th day of the Islamic month of Rabi' al-awwal, while Shi'a Muslims mark it on the 17th of this month. Muhammed is believed to be the last prophet.
    shia muslim
    The Prophet Muhammed was born in Mecca, a city in Saudi Arabia that is revered as holy by Muslims

    What do people do

    There are mixed beliefs on how one observes Muhammed's birthday. Some people see the Prophet's birthday as an event worthy of praise. Others view the celebration of birthdays as contradictory to Islamic law.  Both sides cite the Hadith (narrations originating from the words and deeds of the Prophet Muhammed) and events from Muhammed's life to support their views


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    Edit date: یکشنبه 14 دی 1393 11:01 ق.ظ

    shia 2

    پنجشنبه 4 دی 1393 06:57 ب.ظ

    Author : A.A.Nasr
    shia muslims

    shia muslims

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    Edit date: پنجشنبه 4 دی 1393 07:17 ب.ظ

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