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Shi‘a Muslims - International Day of Nowruz

International Day of Nowruz

سه شنبه 26 اسفند 1393 01:37 ب.ظ

Author : A.A.Nasr
shia muslims

Name in other languages

NameLanguage
International Day of NowruzEnglish
Día Internacional de NowruzSpanish
נורוזHebrew
نوروزArabic
누루즈Korean
Internationaler Norooz-TagGerman

International Day of Nowruz

The United Nations’ (UN) International Day of Nowruz celebrates the start of the Persian spring festival March 21 ever year. It occurs on or around the time of the March equinox: Below is explained.


Nowruz celebrations can include traditional folk dances.

What do people do?

About 300 million people worldwide celebrate Nowruz, with traditions and rituals particularly strong in the Balkans, the Black Sea and Caspian Sea regions, the Caucasus, Central and South Asia, and the Middle East. Events may include folk dance performances, special concerts, and tree planting ceremonies.

Public life

International Nowruz Day is a global observance. The Nowruz festival is a public holiday in some countries, such as Iran.

Background

Nowruz is an ancestral festivity marking the first day of spring and the renewal of nature. It was proclaimed as an official UN observance because it promotes peace and solidarity, particularly in families. The day also focuses reconciliation and neighborliness, contributing to cultural diversity and friendship among peoples and different communities

March equinox - equal day and night, nearly

There are two equinoxes every year – in March and September – when the Sun shines directly on the equator and the length of night and day are nearly equal, but not quite.

March equinox illustration
The Earth during the equinox. (Not to scale)

Spring in the north, fall in the south

Equinoxes and solstices are opposite on either side of the equator, and the March equinox is also known as the "spring (vernal) equinox" in the northern hemisphere and as the "autumnal (fall) equinox" in the southern hemisphere.

The Sun crosses equator

The March equinox marks the moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator – the imaginary line in the sky above the Earth’s equator – from south to north. This happens on March 19, 20 or 21 every year.

Why is it called “equinox”?

On the equinox, night and day are nearly exactly the same length – 12 hours – all over the world. This is the reason it's called an “equinox”, derived from Latin, meaning "equal night". However, in reality equinoxes don't have exactly 12 hours of daylight

What happens on the equinox?

The Earth's axis is always tilted at an angle of about 23.5° in relation to the ecliptic, the imaginary plane created by the Earth's path around the Sun. On any other day of the year, the Earth's axis tilts a little away from or towards the Sun. But on the two equinoxes, the tilt of the Earth's is neither away from nor towards the Sun. In fact, it is perpendicular to the Sun's rays, like the illustration shows.

Celebrating new beginnings

The March equinox has long been celebrated as a time of rebirth in the Northern Hemisphere. Many cultures celebrate spring festivals and holidays around the March equinox, like Easter and Passover.

The snake of sunlight

Illustration image
“The snake of sunlight” on the stairs of the main pyramid at Chichen Itza, Mexico.
©iStockphoto.com/CostinT

One of the most famous ancient Spring equinox celebrations was the Mayan sacrificial ritual by the main pyramid at Chichen Itza, Mexico.

The main pyramid – also known as El Castillo – has four staircases running from the top to the bottom of the pyramid's faces, notorious for the bloody human sacrifices that used to take place here.

The staircases are built at a carefully calculated angle which makes it look like an enormous snake of sunlight slithers down the stairs on the day of the equinox.

The Mayan calendar was very precise in this respect, but today the Mayan calendar is most famous for ending exactly at 11:11 UTC on the 2012 December Solstice .

Knowledge of the equinoxes and solstices is also crucial in developing dependable calendars, another thing the Mayans clearly had got the hang of.

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Comments : () 




Edit date: سه شنبه 26 اسفند 1393 01:54 ب.ظ



BHW
جمعه 11 فروردین 1396 10:51 ب.ظ
Good site you have here.. It's difficult to find high quality writing like yours these
days. I really appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!
گل ناز
سه شنبه 26 اسفند 1393 03:13 ب.ظ
انتظار زیادی ازتون ندارم فقط دلم میخواد بهم سر بزنید و نطرتون را بگین ...منتظرم
 
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